MUMBAI: Indian economy has not moderated to the extent it did during the first wave but uncertainties can act as a deterrent in the short term, the Reserve Bank of India said on Thursday.
In its annual report, the central bank said the country’s growth prospects now essentially depend on how fast India can arrest the second wave of Covid-19 infections.
“The recovery of the economy from the Covid-19 will critically depend on the robust revival of private demand that may be led by the consumption in the short-run but will require acceleration of investment to sustain the recovery,” the central bank said in its annual report.
It also added that reform measures in various areas were likely to improve India’s growth potential on a sustainable basis.
The central bank, in its annual report for 2020-2021, further stated that previous year has left a scar on the economy and “in the midst of the second wave, as 2021-22 commences, pervasive despair is being lifted by cautious optimism built up by vaccination drives.”
“The onset of the second wave has triggered a raft of revisions to growth projections, with the consensus gravitating towards the Reserve Bank’s projection of 10.5 per cent for the year 2021-22 — 26.2 per cent in Q1, 8.3 per cent in Q2, 5.4 per cent in Q3 and 6.2 per cent in Q4,” it said.
The pandemic, it added, “is the biggest risk to this outlook. Yet, upsides also stem from the capex push by the government, rising capacity utilisation and the turnaround in capital goods imports.”
The RBI also said that a collective global effort to fight the pandemic will surely bring better results than individual countries fighting on their own.
It also said the conduct of monetary policy in 2021-22 would be guided by evolving macroeconomic conditions, with a bias to remain supportive of growth till it gains traction on a durable basis while ensuring inflation remains within the target.
According to it the pace of contagion in the second wave of Covid-19 pandemic has been alarming, stretching the health infrastructure in terms of the capacity to handle a surge of this size and speed.
The report said the deterioration in major fiscal indicators in 2020-21 may be attributed to the pandemic superimposed on a cyclical slowdown in tax revenues and a counter-pandemic fiscal push through higher government expenditure.”Going forward, as growth revives and economy gets back on track, it is important for the government to adhere to a clear exit strategy and build fiscal buffers, which can be tapped into in events of future shocks to growth,” the RBI said.
For April and early May 2021, Indian economy available high frequency indicators present a mixed picture, it said. While mobility and sentiment indicators have moderated, several activity indicators have held their own and shown resilience in the face of the second wave.
Goods and services tax (GST) collections crossed the Rs 1 lakh crore mark for the seventh consecutive month in April and notched up the highest level on record, suggesting that manufacturing and services production has been maintained, it said.